Pre-service and In-service Teachers Training Scheme India
With a view to prepare quality teachers and improve learning achievements of school children, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has introduced Teachers Training Scheme.
Recommendations from several commissions and the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, advocates training to teachers. Central Government in association with State government runs various programs and schemes for training to teachers. It includes pre-service training and in-service training.
National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) plans and coordinates teacher education courses; it lays down norms and standards for qualification required for the courses, content, and duration of the course. It is authorized to grant recognitions to institutes and monitors its standards.
A large number of government teacher training institutions (TTIs) provide training to the school teachers.
At the national level, the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT in association with its six Regional Institutes of Education (REIs) plans various training courses and undertakes such teachers and teacher training courses. National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA) provides institutional support to NCERT.
At the state level, the State Councils of Educational Research and Training (SCERTs) is authorized to prepare course modules for teacher training. Training to secondary and higher secondary school teachers and teacher educators is provided by The Colleges of Teacher Education (CTEs) and Institutes for Advanced Learning in Education (IASEs).
A vertical hierarchy has been set up for providing training at different rungs. District Institutes of Education and Training (DIETs) provide teachers training at the district level; whereas the Block Resource Centres (BRCs) and Cluster Resource Centres (CRCs) impart training at block and cluster level. Apart from this, civil society, self-financed schools, and other establishments also actively join in such training programmed.
Funding for Teachers Training
Government and government-aided pre-service teacher education institutions are funded by State Governments. The Central Government supports such 650 institutions that include the DIETs, CTEs and the IASEs.
For in-service training, the majority of the courses funding is provided by the Central Government under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA). Under SSA, school teachers are provided 20 days in-service training, untrained teachers are offered 60 days refresher course and freshly recruited trained teachers are provided 30 days orientation course.
Some State Government financed in-service programmed are also run. Several NGOs and other also support in-service training activities.
Teachers Training Scheme will help teachers equipped with the latest development in the field of education, teaching techniques and methodologies. The trained teachers will impart education to students in better ways.
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